Commercial Viability of Co-Living, Co-Working Spaces
Are co-living and co-working enterprises new property segments or just more short-lived fads?
With rising property prices in urban centres around the world, fewer individuals and organisations have access to the convenience and prestige that apparently come with living and working in the city.
Co-living and co-working enterprises essentially bridge the divide between the lofty aspirations of recent generations and the reality of high demand versus low supply.
Around the world, co-sharing makes prohibitively expensive properties more accessible to individuals by consolidating wide swathes of urban space and providing parcelled units at short-term rental rates. In addition to lowering the costs for individuals, these parcelled spaces are fully decorated, managed, ready-to-use, and coupled with access to intentional communities of like-minded individuals.
By filling the gap between the expectations of a dormitory and the high costs associated with a traditional tenancy, co-sharing enables nomadic professionals, roving consultants, innovators, and fledgeling companies to have prestigious addresses in the hearts of cities – often with flexible leases stripped of the concerns normally borne by sole tenants.
Despite their apparent novelty, co-sharing has existed even before the world’s first cities were formed – albeit in only vaguely familiar forms.
Today’s slick co-living spaces are apparently derived from older communal living concepts, the result of a natural progression from primitive longhouses to university dormitories such as the London-based Isokon – which brought together the intellectual discourse of academics, the Bauhaus school of art, and a commercial furniture enterprise of the same name.
Co-working may be a concept that is even older: any endeavour that required labour – resource gathering, hunting, farming, artisanal works, construction – and later on, manufacturing, logistics, and transportation – all relied on seasonal migrations of workers and roving craftspersons with the necessary skills to serve enterprises formed from concentrations of wealth or authority.
In Malaysia, co-working stemmed from Servcorp’s virtual offices, capitalising on the Internet to provide start-ups with the functional infrastructure of a full-fledged company and tentative connections to desirable addresses.
Servcorp later pioneered serviced offices, which expanded on the remote services of virtual offices, to provide companies with a convenient means of doing business without having to own, renovate, or maintain a commercial property of their own.
The serviced office concept then evolved with rebranding, by the likes of Regus, which introduced a communal element of collaboration to cater to global professionals of the digital age and to meet demands for offices and workspaces that could be flexibly utilised.
Why are co-living and co-working spaces popular?
According to Datuk Paul Khong of Savills Malaysia, collaborative spaces appeal to younger professionals due to three distinguished factors, namely: cost, convenience, and community.
Traditional leases require tenants to bear the costs of letting fees and fitting out space, in addition to paying for utilities and security deposits of between one to three months’ rental.
Co-working enterprises remove the bulk of these cost concerns for tenants (or “members”) and provide parcelled units of “hot desks” ranging from RM400 to RM1,000 a month, dedicated desks, and small office suites for between RM2,500 to RM4,000, depending on the location, tenancy length, and the specific terms set by various operators. Even daily rates are available, with some operators charging below RM40 per desk a day.
These pricing ranges make co-working spaces appealing alternatives for individuals and organisations who require office spaces for any period up to a year.
Collaborative spaces also tend to increase the utilisation of assets whilst reducing inefficiencies wherever possible – the largest co-working entities around the world rely on computer-aided design to determine the most efficient utilisation of space and fixtures to ostensibly lower the operating costs of each workspace.
While collaborative spaces may look to be more expensive than traditional leasing options, a fully fitted and furnished option enables occupiers to move in immediately, reducing additional costs and time spent in getting a space ready for use.
Collaborative spaces typically require shorter tenancy periods, with some going beyond single-month commitments by adopting the ‘pay-as-you-go’ model.
With the minimum tenancy period of at least a year, traditional leases require greater commitment and provide less flexibility. On the other hand, co-living enterprises tend to be less flexible than their co-working counterparts, but they still fill the wide gap between traditional leases and short-term rentals.
The management of properties, traditionally the responsibility of the occupiers, is instead handled by co-living and co-working enterprises as the landlords.
The hassles which stem from a faulty lightbulb, a leaking pipe, or a defunct printer, are of little concern for co-sharing members, as the responsibilities of maintenance are absolved by the operators. With the management of property taken care of, occupiers are apparently willing to pay a premium.
Co-living and co-working space operators have been taking up large spaces with long leases, and property owners are enthusiastic to enter such arrangements.
A long-term lease provides a stable stream of income for property owners over a prolonged period, and with the norm being wide spaces bundled into a single lease, there are fewer tenants for property owners to contend with.
WeWork, for example, took up about five floors’ worth of space, exceeding 100,000 square feet, in Equatorial Plaza – an expensive piece of real estate that might have otherwise been difficult to completely monetise.
The coup de grâce that current shared space providers pride themselves in most would be their globe-spanning networks of members.
Co-working enterprises add value to their spaces by providing the means for networking and collaboration – which fits neatly into the operational needs of freelancers and startups. Most co-working operators brand their spaces as vibrant environments which enable their members to “meet and greet” others in the same industry, participate in community-building initiatives, and spur business growth.